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Types of Scoliosis We Treat

Types of scoliosis treated at Elite Chiropractic, a CLEAR™ Scoliosis Treatment Center

Gentle spinal care

Idiopathic Scoliosis

There are several types of scoliosis. Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common seen today and is about 80% of all diagnosed cases. Idiopathic Scoliosis means literally “of unknown cause”, where no underlying condition or cause of the spinal deformity has been found.

4 Types of Idiopathic Scoliosis

  • Infantile Idiopathic Scoliosis
    (From birth to 3 years of age)
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Scoliosis
    (From 3 to 10 years of age)
  • Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
    (From 10 to 18 years of age)
  • Adult Idiopathic Scoliosis
    (From 18 years and older)

Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) is the most common diagnosis, representing about 90% of cases in children. Its prevalence for both males and females before puberty is a 1:1 ratio. However, after puberty, that ratio quickly jumps to 1:8 or 1:10 with females more likely to experience rapid and complicated progression.

Congenital Scoliosis

Congenital Scoliosis is another type of scoliosis that involves structural cause. The spinal bones do not form properly during fetal development and a hemivertebra (a triangular shaped) bone is formed. Normally the vertebra of the spine align one on top of the other, when a hemivertebra is present it causes a sharp angle to occur and the body’s natural reaction is to develop the scoliosis keeping the head aligned with the pelvis. Other congenital causes could be an anatomical short leg or sacrum structural problem.

Neuromuscular Scoliosis

Neuromuscular Scoliosis involves abnormalities in neuromuscular function often seen in conditions like Cerebral Palsy, Poliomyolitis, Frederich’s Ataxia, Spinal Muscular Atrophy (usually presents early). Brain injury can result in onset of scoliosis either from trauma or vascular insult. Arnold Chiari Malformation can also result in scoliosis.

Myopathic Scoliosis

Myopathic (muscle) Scoliosis involves abnormal muscle functions. Conditions like Muscular Dystrophy and Myotonia are factors that can cause scoliosis. Usually these occur because of the inability to provide muscular support to stabilize the spinal column.

Degenerative Scoliosis

Degenerative Scoliosis is caused by the reduction to spinal stability from the wear and tear of the aging spine in patients.

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